What Are The Basic Needs Of The Indoor Plants To Survive?

If you are looking to decorate your house, then you should definitely consider growing indoor plants. Colour, texture, and warmth are all added to the house by indoor plants. They will be able to survive indoor the whole year and can even enhance air quality. Many houseplants are simple to cultivate, but they require special attention to thrive. Because your plants were most likely started in a greenhouse and grew under perfect conditions, bringing them inside your home may require some modification.

The most crucial aspects of home plant care are proper watering and lighting, although humidity and temperatures also play a role. The idea is to try to replicate the climate of the plant's origin. Cacti and succulents favour hot, dry climates, whereas tropical plants flourish in warm, damp conditions. Of course, you can't provide everything for every plant, but you may consider their demands while selecting plants. 

Selection of Plants

When choosing a houseplant, the first thing to think about is where you want to put it. After that, adjust the area and sunlight to the plant's needs. Next, decide if you want a plant with lovely green foliage or one that blooms. Some blooming houseplants bloom only once a year, while others bloom every year. A third factor to consider is how much time you have to commit to a certain plant. A spider plant can survive practically any level of care, but an orchid takes a lot of sensitive, loving care.

And considering all these, if you have decided on the plants, then here are the few things that you need to do to take care of the home garden plants:


Water is an essential component in plant life; even desert-loving plants, such as cacti and many succulents, require watering. Water is required for several physiological functions throughout a plant's life, including growth and metabolism. Water in a plant is a route of mobility. Many of nature's inorganic elements can be transformed by plants into nutrients, which are then turned into organic molecules, which we ingest to eat. This is accomplished by the use of water as a carrier and variations in cell osmotic pressure.

Temperature, humidity, and ventilation 

Temperature, humidity, and ventilation should all be considered. Most houseplants like temperatures of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 10 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Houseplants, in general, require a humidity level that is comparable to their native growth circumstances. Because air plants get all of their water from the air, they need to be misted often using a spray bottle. Condensation that remains on leaves for an extended period of time can be hazardous to other houseplants, which is why good ventilation is essential for plant health. Using a fan to circulate air around your houseplants might help to drain excess moisture and avoid dust accumulation on the leaves.


Make sure your houseplants are getting enough light. For photosynthesis, all plants require light energy, but various houseplants require varying quantities of light. Most houseplants require indirect light rather than direct light, with the exception of desert cactus and other succulents. Houseplants that flourish in indirect light thrive near west-facing windows or a few feet back from south-facing windows for plants that need bright light but not direct sun. Some houseplants require artificial light to thrive inside, particularly during the winter months and in areas with shorter daylight hours. Normal home light bulbs are ineffective for lighting houseplants, so you'll need to invest in full-spectrum fluorescent or LED grow lights with a balance of cold and warm light to mirror the natural sun spectrum.


Make sure you're using the proper potting soil. By offering the optimum combination of nutrition, aeration, and water absorption, high-quality potting soil will aid plant root growth. Peat moss, shredded pine bark, perlite, and vermiculite are common ingredients in potting soil mixtures. Garden stores provide generic potting soils, but you should use a potting soil that is particular to your houseplant whenever feasible. Soil is frequently used to 1.) protect your plant's roots, 2.) hold your plant upright, 3.) offer a nourishing medium for your plant, and 4.) assist in the delivery of air and water to the roots of your plant.


Choose a pot that is appropriate for your plant. Consider the material, size, and drainage capabilities of the pot before making your selection. Use a pot that is proportionate to the size of your plant right now—no more than a few inches bigger in diameter than the root mass of your plant. You can move the plant into a larger container after it outgrows its current one. If you start a plant in a bigger container than it needs, the roots won't be able to receive enough moisture when it drains through the soil. Because plastic pots are lightweight, they're perfect for hanging baskets and wall shelves. Terra cotta pots are heavier than plastic pots, and their porous nature means they don't hold water as well. Make sure the bottom of your pot has a drainage hole.


To provide nutrients, use fertilizer. Regularly refill the nutrients in the potting soil to ensure long-term, healthy indoor plant development. When your houseplants are growing or blossoming, fertilize them once a month. It's fine to reduce or suspend your fertilizer schedule when plants are normally dormant throughout the winter months. Remember that these are only guidelines; certain plants may require a different fertilization schedule or kind of fertilizer.

Pest management

Buying an indoor plant can be very easy but maintaining them is a real task as you have to look out for pests as well. Only a few plants are pest-free for the rest of their lives. Because the inside atmosphere seldom provides optimal circumstances for foliar diseases to thrive, pest insects are more likely to be found on indoor plants. Plants growing under stressful conditions (such as low light and excessive water) are more likely to develop soil-borne infections.

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